We have done a LOT with figurative language in 5th grade this year. The students are making poetry books which I hope to blog about in the future. We’ve also done a few worksheets (from the awesome Rachel Lynette!) and created some posters!
But the main thing we’ve done and asked the students to refer back to again and again is Figurative Language foldables! It is a very basic format that I’m sure many have used over and over, but it’s effective! So here we go…
- Title – Figurative Language by Student’s Name
- idiom – a phrase or expression that means something different from what the word actually says – “over his head” “hang in there”
- onomatopeia – the use of a word whose sound suggests it meaning “clang” “buzz”
- jargon – language used in a certain profession or by a particular group of people. computer jargon – CPU, ram, bit byte
- imagery – words and phrases that create high sensory experiences for the reader – these show what you mean, they do not just tell it in a boring way
- symbolism – in literature, the serious and extensive use of symbols – Roman Numerals, skull & bones=danger, + = / x
- simile – a comparison of two unlinke things in which a word of comparison (like or as) is used – She stood shaking like a freshly caught trout when she got in trouble.
- metaphor – a figure of speech that makes a comparison between two things that are basically different but have something in common – unlike simile, metaphors do not use like or as – The apple of my eye. He has a heart of stone.
- personification – a form of metaphor in which language relates to human action, motivation, and emotion is used to refer to abstract concepts – The weather is smiling on us today. Love is blind.
- alliteration – the repetition of initial consonant sounds in words – rough and ready – Willy washes windows with Waldo
- slang – very informal usage in vocabulary and idiom that is characteristically more playful or vivid than ordinary language
- dialect – a particular varieety of language spoken in one place by a distict group of people – y’all in the south